What Are the Core Branches of Engineering and What’s Best for Me?  

Engineering is a broad field with many specializations to choose from. There are so many, in fact, that it can be challenging to know which is right for you. It helps to understand the different branches so you can match that branch to the things you are passionate about and interested in.

Here is a rundown of the core branches of engineering.  

Mechanical Engineering  

Mechanical engineers work with mechanical systems and work in a variety of industries. Mechanical engineering is the broadest of all branches and covers a wide range of disciplines. Types of engineering that fall under this branch include: 

  • Aerospace 
  • Biomedical 
  • Biomechanical 
  • Automotive 

Civil Engineering 

Civil engineering revolves around the design, construction and maintenance of structures and naturally-occurring environments. It is most closely associated with the design and construction of infrastructure and post-disaster repair efforts. Types of engineering that fall under this branch include: 

  • Structural  
  • Architectural 
  • Mining 
  • Utility  

Electrical Engineering  

Electrical engineers work with energy in various forms, including electric, hydro, wind and solar. Electrical engineers can be found in nearly every industry and there are vast opportunities for these professionals. Types of engineering that fall under this branch include: 

  • Electronics 
  • Computer 
  • Power 
  • Robotics 
  • Mechatronics 
  • Micro Electric 

Chemical Engineering  

Chemical engineers, as the title implies, work in practical applications of chemistry and utilize chemical reactions to solve problems. They work in a wide range of industries including food production, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and more. Types of engineering that fall under this branch include: 

  • Materials Science 
  • Agriculture 
  • Paper 
  • Biomolecular 
  • Molecular  

Environmental Engineering  

Environmental engineers use science and engineering to improve the environment. Environmental Engineers also study the environmental impact humans have on the planet, including pollution as a result of development and manufacturing processes. Environmental Engineering is considered a subset of Civil Engineering but is becoming very diverse and is worthy of its own branch. Types of engineering that fall under this branch include: 

  • Sustainable 
  • Transport 
  • Water 

Are You Looking For Engineering Career Opportunities?  

If you are a talented engineering professional looking to start or grow your career, PEAK Technical can help you find your ideal position and achieve your career goals.  Browse our current job openings and partner with our recruiting professionals today to take your job search to the next level.  




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